Research Papers

Dawson, P. Carless, D. & Lee, P.P.W (2020). Authentic feedback: Supporting learners to engage in disciplinary feedback practices. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education.

Gravett, K. (2020). Feedback literacies as sociomaterial practice. Critical Studies in Education,

Joughin, G., Boud, D., Dawson, P., & Tai, J. (2020). What can higher education learn from feedback seeking behaviour in organisations? Implications for feedback literacy. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education.

Malecka, B. Boud, D. & Carless, D. (2020). Eliciting, processing and enacting feedback: Mechanisms for embedding feedback literacy within the curriculum. Teaching in Higher Education.

Winstone, N. & David Boud (2020): The need to disentangle assessment and feedback in higher education, Studies in Higher Education, DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2020.1779687

Winstone, N., Balloo, K. & Carless, D. (2020). Discipline-specific feedback literacies: A framework for curriculum design. Higher Education


The Power of Inner feedback

Nicol, D. 2021. "Guiding Learning by activating students' inner feedback". In THE [Times Higher Education] Campus available HERE
Nicol, D and S. McCallum. 2021. "Making internal feedback explicit: Exploiting the multiple comparisons that occur during peer review." Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education
Nicol, D. and G. Selvaretnam. 2021. "Making internal feedback explicit: Harnessing the comparisons students make during two-stage exams." Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education
Nicol, D. 2020. "The power of internal feedback: exploiting natural comparison processes, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education", DOI: 10.1080/02602938.2020.1823314
Nicol, D. 2019. Reconceptualising Feedback as an Internal Not an External Process.” Italian Journal of Educational Research, Special Issue : 7183.


Nicol, D., A. Serbati, and M. Tracchi. 2019. Competence Development and Portfolios: Promoting Reflection through Peer Review.” All Ireland Journal of Higher Education 11 (2): 113. 664.

Nicol, D., A. Thomson, and C. Breslin. 2014. Rethinking Feedback Practices in Higher Education: A Peer Review Perspective.” Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 39 (1): 102122. doi:10.1080/02602938.2013.795518.
Nicol, D. 2014. Guiding Principles of Peer Review: unlocking Learners’ Evaluative Skills.” In Advances and Innovations in University Assessment and Feedback, edited by C. Kreber, C. Anderson, N. Entwistle and J. McArthur. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
Nicol, D. 2013. Resituating Feedback from the Reactive to the Proactive.” In Feedback in Higher and Professional Education: Understanding It and Doing It Well, edited by D. Boud and E. Molloy, 3449. Oxon: Routledge.

Nicol, D. 2010. From Monologue to Dialogue: Improving Written Feedback Processes in Mass Higher Education.” Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 35 (5): 501517. doi:10.1080/02602931003786559.

Nicol, D and D. Macfarlane‐Dick. 2006. "Formative assessment and self‐regulated learning: a model and seven principles of good feedback practice, Studies in Higher Education, 31:2, 199-218, DOI: 10.1080/03075070600572090